Posted by: DD | January 17, 2008

Reliance Power IPO Diagnosed

I found the following post in one of the forums and hats of to the person who wrote it. Reliance Power IPO explained in quite a detail. A definitive read for those who are interested and have or will apply for the IPO.

For those, who don’t want to get involved in this technical stuff, just scroll till the end of the post and read the “Final Verdict” 🙂

Off the record, I have already applied 😉 .

Reliance Power Limited IPO

Opens: 15th January 2008.
Closes: 18th January 2008.

Price Band: Rs 405 to Rs 450.
Price Band for Retail Investors: Rs 385 to Rs 430. (Rs 20 discount).

Number of shares offered to public: 22,80,00,000 (22.8 crore).
+ Number of shares to be subscribed by promoters: 3,20,00,000 (3.2 crore).

Total new shares issued (sum of above two) = (26 crore)

Number of shares for retail investors: 6,84,00000. (6.84 crore).

Issue size (public) = (22.86.84)X450 + (6.84X430) = 7182+2941.2

= Rs 10123.2 crore.

Number of shares outstanding pre-IPO: 200 crore.
Number of shares outstanding post-IPO: 226 crore.


Retail Investors and NII can apply with Rs 115 margin per share. (The details of this have already been discussed in earlier posts).

Maximum application possible in retail category = 225 shares.


Already, a lot has been discussed about Reliance Power and its business (which will be there a few years from now).

This is an extremely rare case where SEBI has allowed a company with almost 0 revenues, to raise money via an IPO.

If this was an IPO by some smaller group, it would have been 100% rejected by SEBI for having no business.



The company claims that it will be developing power generation projects of 28200 MW over the next decade.

According to the IPO RHP, some of the projects that it will be developing are:

Rosa-I (to be commissioned in March 2010) – 600 MW – Coal based.
Butibori (to be commissioned in June 2010) – 300 MW – Coal based.
Rosa-II (to be commissioned in September 2010) – 600 MW – Coal based.
Shahpur Gas (to be commissioned in March 2011) – 2800 MW – Gas based.
Shahpur Coal (to be commissioned in December 2011) – 1200 MW – Coal based.
Dadri (to be commissioned in March 2013) – 7480 MW – Gas based.
Krishnapatnam (to be commissioned in September 2013) – 4000 MW – Coal based.
Urthing Sobla (to be commissioned in March 2014) – 400 MW – Hydropower based.
Tato II (to be commissioned in March 2014) – 700 MW – Hydropower based.
MP Power (to be commissioned in July 2014) – 3960 MW – Coal based.
Siyom (to be commissioned in March 2015) – 1000 MW – Hydropower based.
Kalai II (to be commissioned in March 2016) – 1200 MW – Hydropower based.
Sasan (to be commissioned in April 2016) – 3960 MW – Coal based.


everything goes as planned, capacity of Reliance Power at end of each year till 2016 will be:

2008: 0 MW.
2009: 0 MW.
2010: 1500 MW.
2011: 5500 MW.
2012: 5500 MW.
2013: 16980 MW.
2014: 22040 MW.
2015: 23040 MW.
2016: 28200 MW.


Other Similar Companies:

I can think of two companies in the power generation sector that Reliance Power can be compared with:

NTPC and Tata Power.

NTPC has current capacity of 28000 MW and has target to achieve 66000 MW by 2017. (See this thread on NTPC).

Tata Power has current capacity of 2300 MW.
It will be adding 10000 MW of capacity more by 2012. Thus, it will have a capacity of around 12300 MW by 2012 end.
The additions will all be coal based.
-Mundra Ultra Mega Power Project -4000 MW.
-Power plants in Maharastra – 3000 MW.
aptive power plants for Tata Steel – 2000 MW
Maithon Power Plant at Jharkhand – 1000 MW.

Tata Power also has other smaller business and also wants to enter shipping and logistics. Besides that Tata Power has investments valued at Rs 400+ per share of Tata Power. This works out to be Rs 10000 crore.


The analysts have valued the total quoted and unquoted investments at Rs 485 a share.


Around 2012 – 2013, both Tata Power is expected to have similar capacity as Reliance Power.

The interesting thing is at current price of Rs 1457, Tata Power is valued at just Rs 30000 crore. Remove Rs 10000 crore of investments and you can have it only for Rs 20000 crore.

At Rs 900, Reliance Power will have market value of 200000 crores….6.67 times that of Tata Power. :O



With 2300 MW capacity, Tata Power made standalone profit of Rs 700 crore in FY 2007.

With 28000 MW capacity, NTPC made standalone profit of Rs 6900 crore in FY 2007.

Lets assume Reliance Power turns out to be much more efficient than these two companies. Add to that increased power rates.

With 28200 capacity, assume Reliance Power makes Rs 15000 crore of net profit in 2016-2017. Power companies are considered as utilities and worldwide trade at 10-15 times their earnings.

Lets assume 15 times ratio for Reliance Power in 2016.

What will be its market value?

15000 X 15 = Rs 225000 crore or Rs 995 per share.

This is an optimistic view:
-there will be no further equity dilution till 2016.
-assuming nearly twice as much efficiency as NTPC.
-that all projects will be completed before 2016 end.
-the company would have paid back all debt by then and interest costs would be in similar range as NTPC.

(NTPC already has established 28000 MW capacity and comparatively much lesser interest costs. (NTPC’s P&L account states Rs 1800 interest cost for FY 2007).

So what about the debt?

The RHP mentions estimated cost of six projects Rosa I, Rosa II, Butibori, Sasan, Shahpur Coal, Urthing Sobla as Rs 30000 crore+.

Analysts estimate that Reliance Power will need Rs 70000 crore of debt to finance its projects which are estimated to cost 100000 crore+.

Rs 70000 crore of debt is not going to come at 2% interest rate. Even a 6% interest would mean an annual interest cost of Rs 4200 crore. Only in 2013, the company’s capacity will cross 10000 MW. Thus, I do not expect any major debt repayment before 2014. If things don’t go as planned, the debt burden will make a mockery of the balance sheet.

With Rs 12000 crore raised in equity and Rs 70000 crore of debt, these whole business will become a high-risk venture.

Any unforeseen delay/derailment of plans may create major problems for this company.


Reliance Power – The Overlooked Fact:

Is Reliance Power just “Reliance Power”?


It is actually “Reliance Power Limited” – a limited company.

All companies listed on the stock exchanges are limited companies…….but many of you don’t even know what that means.

But why am I wasting time explaining it in this thread?


A “limited company” means a company whose shareholders have a limited liability in case of insolvency of the company.



The liability of a member of a company is limited to the face value of the shares he owns. Once he has paid the whole of the face value, he has no obligation to contribute anything to pay off the creditors of the company.

So what does this mean for Reliance Power Limited?

It means if in the rare case, the calculations of the management go wrong and the company somehow goes to insolvency, none of the shareholders will lose anything expect the value of the shares.

If you are a share holder of Reliance Power and it goes into insolvency (unable to pay back debts), what do you stand to lose?

Rs 430 per share.

Lot of money….right?

What does Anil Ambani’s AAA Project or REL lose?

Both of them had got their 45% (post-IPO) stake for Rs 1000 crore each. Plus they will each subscribe to 1.6 crore shares each at Rs 450 in the IPO……which works out to be Rs 720 crore.

Thus, AAA Project will be getting 101.6 crore shares of Reliance Power for Rs 1720 crore and REL will be getting 101.6 crore shares of Reliance Power for Rs 1720 crore.

Little less than Rs 17 per share.

This is what both the promoters are risking in this project….Rs 17 per share; while investors will be risking Rs 450 per share.

This is exactly the reason why Reliance Power was created.

First, by contributing just Rs 1720 crore each to Reliance Power, the promoters have shifted all risk to investors.

Second, by getting 45% stake (in REL’s projects) to AAA Project for a mere Rs 1000 crore, AAA Projects (and Anil Ambani) have created wealth out of thin air.

Anil Ambani’s Rs 1000 crore investment will be worth Rs 100000 crore when Reliance Power lists at Rs 900.

If the gamble works, the promoters (holding 90% stake in Reliance Power) will be worth billions of dollars.

If the gamble doesn’t work, the promoters will lose Rs 1720 crore each and investors will lose Rs 10000+ crore which they will be paying for a mere 10% stake in Reliance Power.

What a way to create wealth…!!!….I don’t have words to describe the brilliance of Anil Ambani’s plans… 😉


So what will I do with this IPO?

Firstly, I will subscribe to it,

not because I think it is a good company or is offering great value at Rs 430,

but because I am in this market to make money.

The markets are in such a frenzy, nobody bothers about valuations anymore……..not even QIB and other institutional investors.

Everyone knows that Reliance Power will list at a premium and thus everyone will apply….valuations can wait for some other day…. 😀

Everyone should wait till last day and apply for it. Just check the subscription levels by 11 AM on last day.

What will I do post-listing?

For bigger IPO’s like Power Grid and Mundra Port, I have followed a sell-half-keep-half strategy.

Assuming listing at Rs 900, for Reliance Power, I will follow sell-all-keep-none strategy.

First, other companies are much cheaper.

Why should I keep a company valued at Rs 200000 crore

when another company (with similar capacity by 2013) is available at Rs 30000 crore with much smaller debt burden and Rs 10000 crore worth of investments………..referring to Tata Power.

If Reliance Power (at Rs 900) is available for Rs 200000 crore, why not buy NTPC for a similar price……Rs 225000 crore. NTPC plans to have a capacity of 66000 MW in 2017, while Reliance Power will have 28200 MW capacity in 2016.

Second, the risk is higher than other existing companies.

With marginally cash flows for next 5 years and Rs 70000+ crore of debt, the risk for Reliance Power is high. Tata Power and NTPC have existing cash flows to handle expansions….Reliance Power does not.

Third and the biggest factor is….the valuation of the company doesn’t make much sense.

Why should Reliance Power be valued at Rs 200000 crore, when in highly optimistic scenario, it will not make more than Rs 15000 crore of profit in 2016? Even if it touches that figure of Rs 15000 crore, its market value in 2016 will not be much more than 225000-300000 crore. (if given a 15-20 times multiple).

A fixed deposit will make more money than that in 8 years…..and that too without any risk.

Also, I got the optimistic Rs 15000 crore figure by assuming two times margins as NTPC.

The fact is….. at least till 2014, Reliance Power will still be carrying most of its Rs 70000 crore debt and its interest costs will squeeze margins to a large extent.


Final verdict:


I will be selling all shares at 9:55……….not even waiting for a better price.

If you want to try for a better price, hold at your own risk.

The level of insanity in the markets is at a high…

Value and risk mean nothing today…..price and profit are the keywords.

Who knows…..the stock may got to Rs 1100 or more.



Reliance Power may win more projects in the future.

However, it is unlikely that any new project that Reliance Power gets will be commissioned before 2012. Additional projects will also bring additional costs too.

It doesn’t make much sense to consider future projects before they are actually won.

Also, Reliance Power is winning projects by offering very low rates – another factor that will decrease margins and increase risks for the company.

For example, in case of Krishnapatnam Ultra Mega Power Project, Reliance Power won with a bid of Rs 2.33 per unit.

L&T had bid Rs 2.69 per unit and Sterlite had bid Rs 4.19 per unit. Such aggressive pricing may backfire if costs rise due to some unexpected factors.



  1. Great analysis.

  2. thanks for a very good article on reliance power ipo. it’s a great analysis going from top to bottom.

  3. Thank you…even your “forwards” are usefull to take a decision in various walks of life…carry on sir,i think u simply pick and choose the best….(god gimme that kinda vision to sort the gold from the crap)

  4. I really enjoyed following the logical flow in the analysis of Reliance Power. I think the main reason the stock was oversubscribed was simply the confidence that people have on Reliance – they take care of their stock holders (bonus issue of 3:5 is an example).
    We’ll are keen to get your comments on our blog.

  5. Thanks because of this! I’ve been searching all above the web for that facts.

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